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Forts

 
 
Lakhota Fort : Jamnagar
A once upon a Palace of Maharaja of Nawanagar, this Fort today stands as a Museum with unique collection of Sculpture of the bygone era of 9 to 18th century A.D. It also houses Pottery from the ruined medieval village from the surrounding Jamnagar area. This fort like palace has semi circular bastions, turrets, a pavilion with guard rooms housing swords, powder flasks and musket loops.

An arched stone bridge with balustrade connects the Lakhota Palace with the town. Located close to the Lakhota Fort is the Koath Bastion, which is famous for being the arsenal, built by the Royal family of Jamnagar. One of the most interesting areas of the complex is an old well, from which water can be drawn by blowing in to a small hole on the floor.
Pavagadh Fort – Panchmahal District near Baroda
The Pavagadh Fort stands out as an exemplary historical monument, which is famous for its architectural brilliance. It is build atop a Hill with rocky terrain surrounded by other hills in vicinity. Accessible from cities nearby like Baroda and Ahmedabad, Hindus and Jains visit the place due to its religious fervor. The then Sulatan Muhammad Beghada, knew that it was not an easy task to vanquish the fortifications of Pavagadh Fort, so he built a city, now known as Champaner, near the Fort to launch a siege on the Pawagadh Fort.
Uparkot Fort – Junagadh
Uparkot Fort is a historical monument of the medieval era which came to existence during the Nawabi rule of Muslim Mohammad Beghda and Hindu Chudasama rulers. The artichitectural gradeur of the Fort is the reminiscence of the past heritage.The Fort is passed through stages of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, British colonization, Islamic invasions and the nawabi grandeur. The Fort has ruins of the mosque, a Jama Masjid, Buddhist caves dating back to 2nd century A.D. It also has an ornate entrance gateway leading to the fort. The Fort wall stands 20 metre high at some places and a huge moat, some 300 ft deep.
Dabhoi Fort – major gateway for Narmada Dam
Dabhoi Fort of Gujarat is located near Darbhavati town in Gujarat. It is situated at a distance of 29 kilometer to the south-east of Baroda. It is reminiscence a Rajput fort of the 13th century.

It was founded in the early 6th century AD by great king of Gujarat, Siddhraj Jaisinh (1093-1143 AD). With four magnificent gateways, it is one of the greatest forts in India. It upholds Hindu military architecture and is notable for the architectural expertise of its four gateways, particularly Hira Bhagol which is the most beautifully carved gate named after the architect, Hiradhar, is in the east, Vadodara Gate in the west, Champaner Gate in the north and Nandod Gate in the south Many Jain scholars stayed here and enriched the Jain Granth Bhandar, a collection of ancient Jain manuscripts. Dabhoi Fort is based on the lines mentioned in the various Vastu scriptures and tomes of ancient India.
Old Fort – Surat
The Old Fort in Surat is a historically important structure. Surat is mentioned in connection with the rebellion of Gujarat in 1347 A.D. during the reign of Muhammad Tughlak (1325 to 1351). The Old Fort took shape then. In 1373 A.D., emperor Firoz Tughlak(1351 to 1388) is said to have built a fort at Surat to protect the town against Bhils who were local tribal people of this region. They rose against the Mughal ruler of India. The fort was invaded twice by Chhatrpati Shivaji Maharaj. This exquisite architectural marvel is now being used as the Municipal Office.
Bhujia Hill Fort - Bhuj
Walking around Bhuj, it is set against the dramatic backdrop of Bhujio Hill. The city of Bhuj got its name from the Bhujio Fort. Roa Godji built the Bhujio Fort for the defence of Bhuj in 1723. It is named after Bhujang Naag, the snake temple. British Colonel William Coir took over the fort in 1819. The entire big fort is built on top of hills, 160 metres high and it was mainly built for the purpose of defence against invaders.
Ilva Durga (ancient fort) – Idar
Idar is an ancient fort, known as 'Ilva Durga' and finds mentioned in Mahabharat and in the travelogue of the Rathore Rajputs in the Mahi Kantha agency at the time of British Raj. It is a classic example of a naturally protected hill fort, located at the southern edge of the Aravalli range. At the foothill, lay the ruins of an old palace, a fine specimen of architecture in stone with delicately carved balconies. The entry to Idar town is through a three storeyed clock tower cum entrance gate, with a huge arch and semi circular dome at the top. The road, with a colourful bazaar on both sides, leads to the tower and ends at the foothills of Idar fort.
Dhoraji Fort – Porbandar
The fortification of Dhoraji was completed in 1755 AD. The massive fort wall has several bastions, 4 main gates and 3 smaller gates, known as baris. The four main gates are Kathiawadi Darwaja in the East, Porbandar Gate in the West, Halar Gate in the North and Junagadh Gate in the South. The smaller gates are- Darbari Bari, Bhimji Bari and Sati Bari. Darbargadh in Dhoraji is located at the highest point in the town and is approached by Darbari Bari; a beautiful gate adorned with jharokha, resting on brackets of 4 elephant statues in different poses.

A finely carved entrance gate leads to Darbargadh in the middle of a courtyard. Darbargadh is a three a multi-storey structure on a high plinth. The facade is ornamented with sculptures of musicians, complex geometric pattern, images of lions in different postures on long caves, profusely carved pillars, horizontal friezes, decorative kanguras and windows framing the skyline. It is designed like a jewel box - in the same architectural style of Navlakha Places at Gondal.
Zinzuwada Fort – Rann of Kutch
The fortification of Zinzuwada dates back to the 11th century AD. Zinzuwada was a frontier fort of the Solanki rulers and the inscriptions on the fort walls by Uda Mantri, a minster of Siddhraj Jaisinh, is proof of its antiquity. The fort is built with huge stone slabs and fortification is broad enough for two horsemen to pass at a time. Zinzuwada is one of the finest examples of Hindu fortifications in India, without Islamic influence. The town Zinzuwada has four gateways in four directions: Madapol Gate, Rakshaspol Gate, Harijan Gate and Dhama Gate. Madapol Gate is one of the finest examples of entrance gateways in the Maru Gurjar architectural style. The gateway is decorated with multi layered, carved, corbelled brackets resting on pillars. Images of Ganesha, Bhairava and other protecting deities are placed in niches at a lower level on both sides.
 
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